3io HISTORY OF PERSIA assembled a powerful army, the command of which was given to Khusru Khan, Governor of Georgia and nephew of Gurgin Khan. Advancing on Kandahar, he defeated Mir Vais and besieged his capital. The Afghans were ready to submit if a general pardon were proclaimed, but the Georgian general, thirsting for revenge, insisted upon an unconditional surrender. In desperation the garrison prepared to resist to the death, the Persian assaults were beaten off, and the besieging army, harassed by the foe, began to suffer from scarcity. Mir Vais was able to take the field again, and this time he was successful. The Shah's army was defeated, the Georgian general killed, and of the twenty-five thousand Persians less than one thousand escaped. The date of this was A.H. 1123 (1711). A second army was raised under the command of Mohamed Rustam, but this force was also defeated, and Mir Vais by these two victories became the undis- puted ruler of the province of Kandahar. Apparently no attempt was made by Persia to collect a third army, and until his death, which occurred in A.H. 1127 (1715), the Ghilzai chief was busily engaged in organizing schemes of further aggrandisement. Mir Aldulla^ A.H. 1128-1130 (1715-1717).óMir Vais left two sons, the eldest of whom, Mahmud, was eighteen years old, but his uncle Abdulla seized the reins of power. He very soon showed his intention of making peace with Persia and sent envoys to Isfahan charged with the task. His stipulations were (a) that all tribute should be remitted, (V) that no foreign troops should be sent to Kandahar, and (c) that the post of Governor should be made hereditary in his family. These negotiations out- raged many of the Afghans, whose pride in their hard-won independence was intense, and, knowing that he had the popular feeling behind him, Mahmud with forty sup- porters assassinated Mir Abdulla. It is recorded that after the deed the Nakkara Khana, or music, was played, that the Chiefs then assembled in council, and after examining the instructions given by Mir Abdulla to the Afghan envoys, pronounced his fate to be just, and proclaimed Mahmud ruler of Kandahar.